Home Editorial Indonesia plans to have a new state capital

Indonesia plans to have a new state capital


The plan to move Indonesia's capital city is no longer a mere discourse. At least, this is reflected in the statement issued by Minister of National Development Planning (PPN) / Head of National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), Bambang Brodjonegoro on Wednesday (5/7/2017). He said the process of moving the city center of government as well as the capital city of the country can begin in 2018, after the review of the removal is completed by the end of 2017. Although the Minister did not mention the location of the new capital of the country, widely disclosed that the movement will be out of Java, namely to the city of Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan.

In general, Indonesian people themselves are not so concerned with the planned movement. Moreover, the intention is meant for better spatial management, reducing the burden of Jakarta as well as efficiency and effectiveness of equitable development. This has actually been a thought or discourse for a long time in the era of the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno. Is this just following the world’s trend? Some countries are known to have separated the city center of government from the economic center. Like Indonesia’s neighboring country –Malaysia, it has Putrajaya which has been built in a modern way since 1995. The transfer of all government offices from Kuala Lumpur and the construction of housing for employees to Putrajaya took place from 2000 to 2005. On various occasions, Malaysian state officials said that at least, the removal of the central government could improve the productivity performance of the state apparatus. Although initially there were some opposing parties remembering that the cost was huge.

Like Malaysia, Indonesian people certainly hope that the study of the transfer of central government and the state capital is really mature. Moreover, the movement of the capital city to the outer island of Java is a more tireless and costly compared to other countries because it is quite far and across the ocean. If realized, this will be able to encourage the acceleration of Indonesia's development more broadly. At least, the concentration of development is no longer centered in Jakarta or Java Island. In addition, it will also bring about impact on the spread of more than 200 million people across Indonesia. Thus, the shortage of human resources in some areas, which has been complained of as the cause of the backwardness of the region, can be immediately fulfilled. Hopefully, Indonesia and its progress are expected to be part of the solution of world’s problems.



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