Two referendums have been held in two different places but in the same spirit. The first  was in the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq at the end of September.  While  the  second was held this week in Catalonia, Spain. Both regions  are equally enthusiastic in carrying out a self-government,  apart from the original countries where they belong. In the Kurdish autonomous region, the Kurds agreed to support the separation from Iraq and establish a Kurdishtan  state. In Spain, similar things happened, the majority Catalans residents supported  the separation of the autonomous regions of Catalonia to establish  their own republic.

However, the spirit of the two regions to implement their own governments in full, is  not easily accomplished. In Iraq, Prime Minister Haider el Abadi refused to recognize the referendum and threatened to isolate the Kurdistan region. And it is true, Iraq has proven that threat. Apart from within the country, the rejection also comes from countries with a considerable population of Kurds such as Turkey and Iran. Both countries are worried that the Kurdish referendum in Iraq will encourage similar things in Turkey and Iran. Nonetheless, there is no violence in the Kurdish referendum.

While in Spain, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said the Catalan referendum did not conform to the constitution which refers to the unity of the Spanish Nation. The Spanish government sent police to the polls to stop the referendum. A clash took place and 300 people were injured.

Prior to this, there were also two referendums in Europe. First in Scotland, where the majority of the population voted to still join the United Kingdom. Secondly, a referendum in the United Kingdom which resulted in the British people decided to leave the European Union. A referendum for the independence  from certain  country may indeed be the right of people  living in an area. But keep in mind that a sovereign State will defend its  constitution and unity in accordance with the ideals of the nation.


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