25November2017

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Entas-Entas Tengger Culture

Entas-Entas Tengger Culture and Mecak Tengger are designated as Indonesian intangible cultural heritage which is contained in a certificate signed by the Minister of Education and Culture Muhadjir Effendy. The certificate was handed by East Java Governor Soekarwo to Probolinggo Vice Regent, Timbul Prihanjoko, ahead of the ceremony of the Youth Pledge Day, at Grahadi Surabaya, East Java, last October. According to Timbul Prihanjoko, with the recognition of Entas- Entas Tengger and Mecak Tengger as the Indonesian intangible cultural heritage indicate how high the cultural values which was inherited by Tengger ancestors, so that people have to keep and preserve the nation's culture.

Entas-Entas Tengger is a funeral, which is usually held especially at Tengger Nadas village, Poncokusumo. The Entas - Entas tradition connected to the culture of Megalithic period. Entas – Entas is defined as a description to preserve or raised the degrees of ancestors, in order to get a better place in the realm of spirits. In other words, the ceremony is aimed to purify the spirit of the ancestors. The ceremony of Entas-Entas Tengger has the meaning to restore the constituent elements of the human body. These elements are land, wood, water, and heat.

The Land means that every human being who died will be buried in the ground. The wood is used to mark the location of the dead, planted as a gravestone. While the water used to bathe the deceased. In other words as a cleanser, and at the same time as a tribute to god Baruna, the god of water. While the heat is used to restore the element by burning. The series of implementation of Entas-entas culture takes a long time, even up to three months. Usually the ritual is performed on the thousandth day or at least on the 44th day after a person died.

During the ceremony of Entas-Entas Tengger, the deceased is re-invited in the form of dolls. The dolls named petra, made of leaves and flowers that will be sanctified by the custom’s stakeholders. Besides Entas-Entas ritual, people also make ‘kulak’ or bamboo container filled with rice. Kulak is a symbol of the deceased. Then the family started to prepare the stretch of long cloth where families or relatives gathered under the cloth to burn petra dolls. This processing is believed to restore the heat.

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